Proper hair care is crucial for maintaining healthy and beautiful hair, and a critical aspect of hair care is brushing. People often brush their hair to remove tangles but more than that, brushing your hair is more like massaging it. It can help distribute oil, increase blood flow, remove debris, and more. All these factors help maintain a healthy scalp and promote hair growth. But how often should you brush your hair?

This article will explore the recommended frequency, ways of brushing your hair, more benefits to expect, and potential drawbacks. Additionally, you’ll get tips for properly brushing your hair, including the recommended brush types to avoid damage and promote growth.

See Also How Often Should You Use Shampoo? and How Often Should You Use Conditioner?

Benefits of Brushing Your Hair

Woman smiling and brushing hair

1. Distribution of natural oils

Brushing your hair gently massages the scalp, stimulating the sebaceous glands (oil-producing glands) to produce natural oils like sebum which helps lubricate the scalp.

Additionally, brushing evenly distributes these oils from the roots to the rest of the hair, providing a natural shine and nourishment, thus keeping your hair healthy.

Brushing also helps remove dead skin cells or debris that may block the hair follicles and prevent the oils from flowing freely.

2. Removal of tangles and knots

Tangles and knots form when the hair fibers become twisted or matted together, making it difficult to comb or brush through.

Brushing gently with a wide-toothed comb or brush, starting at the ends and working your way up to the roots, can help eliminate the knots. This helps to separate and smooth out the fibers while removing the tangles and knots.

Using a detangling spray or leave-in conditioner can also ease removing tangles and knots by lubricating the hair fibers, making them more manageable and less likely to break.

3. Exfoliate the scalp

Brushing your hair is crucial to removing dead skin cells and other debris clogging the hair follicles on the scalp.

The bristles of the brush can help gently massage the scalp, improving blood flow and stimulating the natural exfoliating process.

In addition, exfoliation helps keep oil production under control while boosting the effectiveness of other hair care products.

4. Stimulate the scalp

The gentle massaging motion of brushing can increase blood flow to the scalp, bringing oxygen and nutrients to the hair follicles. Just like an exercise session can increase circulation, hair brushing stimulates the capillaries (small blood vessels) in your scalp to function more efficiently at delivering the nutrients in the blood to your scalp cells.

This can help to promote healthy hair growth and keep the hair and scalp moisturized.

5. Removal of dirt and debris

Dirt and debris are common hair issues. This can block your hair follicles, making it difficult for nutrients to get into the scalp.

However, the brush bristles can gently loosen and remove dirt, dust, and other debris trapped in the hair and scalp.

This keeps the hair and scalp clean and healthy, preventing buildup that can lead to dandruff, itching, and other scalp conditions.

Brushing also removes any product buildup that may have accumulated in the hair from using hair styling products.

6. Relaxation and stress relieving 

The repetitive motion of brushing can be soothing, similar to other repetitive grooming activities like combing or petting an animal. The gentle massaging action of brushing can also help relieve scalp tension, stress, and headaches.

The scalp is also rich in nerve endings. Brushing your hair stimulates these nerve endings, leading to relaxation.

Moreover, air grooming is considered a bonding activity in some cultures, especially when feeling stressed or anxious.

7. Removes loose hair

Loose hair can easily form knots and tangles causing you to lose even more hair. However, brushing can gently pull it off, making your hair easy to manage.

How Often Should You Brush Your Hair?

The recommended frequency of brushing hair depends on various factors, such as hair type, styling routine, and personal preference.

1. Hair type

Straight hair

Straight hair is the easiest to brush, but it still needs to be done gently and with the right brush. Brushing straight hair once or twice a day is sufficient, and you can use a wide-toothed comb to detangle it before brushing.

Curly hair

Curly hair is more prone to tangles and breakage. Use a wide-toothed comb or a brush specifically designed for curly hair. Brushing curly hair too often can cause frizz and damage. Ensure you brush it once or twice a week.

Wavy hair

Wavy hair is somewhere between straight and curly. Ensure you find a balance between detangling and not over-brushing. Brushing wavy hair once or twice a day is sufficient.

Thick hair

Thick hair can be more prone to tangles. They require more frequent brushing to remove tangles and maintain a smooth appearance.

Fine hair

Fine hair gets easily damaged. Ensure you brush it gently and with the right brush. Brushing fine hair once or twice a day is sufficient.

2. Styling routine

Using heat tools

If you style your hair with heat tools (such as a flat iron or curling iron) daily, brush it before using the tools to avoid tangles and knots. While at that, avoid brushing your hair after using the heat tools since the heat can make it more prone to breakage.

Wearing ponytail hair

If you wear your hair up in a ponytail or bun regularly, brush it before putting it up to avoid tangles and knots. Avoid brushing your hair too much when the bun is in place, as the constant pulling and tugging to ensure it’s in place can cause damage.

Application of hair products

When using hair products such as gels, mousses, or sprays, brush your hair before applying the products for even distribution.

Avoid brushing your hair too much after applying the products. It can cause buildup and make your hair greasy or waxy.

Wearing extensions

If you have hair extensions in place, brush them gently and regularly to avoid tangles and knots. Too much brushing can cause damage not just to the extension but to your natural hair as well.

3. Personal Preference

Of course, what you like and prefer also influences how often you brush your hair. Some people may find that brushing their hair once or twice a day is sufficient, while others may prefer to brush it more or less frequently.

Nonetheless, it still comes down to whether it’s good for your hair or not. So depending on your hair type, you can determine what works best for you without overdoing it.

Potential Drawbacks of Brushing Your Hair

Are there any disadvantages to hair brushing? Of course! Any manipulation of the hair and scalp, including brushing, can cause some damage, especially when done excessively. This may include:

Hair breakage

Brushing your hair too aggressively or using a brush with stiff bristles can cause hair breakage. Pulling on tangles or knots with a lot of force can also cause the hair to snap or break. Always use a brush with soft bristles and be gentle to avoid breakage.

Scalp irritation

Frequently brushing your hair or using a dirty brush may lead to scalp irritation. The scalp is a sensitive area; if it becomes inflamed, it can cause itching, redness, and even hair loss. Ensure you brush your hair gently and with a clean brush to avoid irritation.

Loss of natural oils

Brushing your hair can strip it of its natural oils, leaving it dry and brittle. These oils are produced by the scalp to protect and nourish the hair. When you brush your hair, it can remove these oils, leaving it dry and damaged. You can prevent the loss of natural oils by brushing your hair gently and not too frequently.

Tips on How to Properly Brush Your Hair 

While hair brushing sounds like a straightforward act, most people do it wrong most of the time.

To ensure you brush your hair correctly, you should first understand the variation between brushing dry and wet hair, as the two can’t be done the same way.

1. How to Safely Brush Wet Hair

Hair, especially straight hair, is very fragile when wet. So it needs to be handled with care to avoid breakage. One way to do this is to use a wet brush or a wide-toothed comb.

However, curly hair like 4c, which has very tight curls, is best brushed when wet to avoid breakage.

So get to know your hair and whether wet or dry hair is easy for you to brush.

  • Always start by combing or brushing the ends first
  • Work your way down, slowly removing any tangles and knots with your hands.
  • You can use a leave-in conditioner or detangler to give your hair more slip.
  • Continue with the comb or brush, taking short strokes that you can easily manage
  • Keep moving until you get to the scalp.
  • Once you’re done combing, style your hair as desired.

2. How to Safely Brush Dry Hair

Generally, dry hair is more prone to tangles, knots, and breakage. To minimize damage, don’t brush your hair all at once. Instead, section it- into manageable portions.


  • Start with clean and detangled hair
  • Consider using hair oil or leave-in conditioner before brushing to detangle your hair and make it less prone to breakage.
  • Use a wide-toothed comb or a brush with flexible bristles. These types of brushes are less likely to snag or pull on your hair
  • Unlike wet hair, start your bushing mid-hair, some inches from the ends and brush down to the ends.
  • Next, move the brush a few inches upward from where you started and again brush down to the roots, gently removing any tangles and knots
  • Keep moving upwards until you get to the scalp, then brush the entire length of your hair all at once a few times
  • Always take your time and be gentle to avoid damage.
  • Avoid using heat-styling tools too often. Heat can cause damage to your hair. Always allow your hair to air dry, and use hot tools only when necessary.

The Best Brush Types for Your Arsenal

  • Paddle brush: A paddle brush is a large brush with a wide, flat surface and plastic bristles with an air-filled cushion. The plastic bristle bend easily following the contours of the brain. So it’s easy to work with. It is used for detangling and smoothing out long hair, naturally straight hair, and thick hair. It’s also the most recommended for both dry and wet hair.
  • Round brush: A round brush has a cylindrical shape and is used for adding volume and curl to hair while blow drying.
  • Vent brush: A vent brush has a flat surface with holes or vents, allowing warm air to circulate while brushing. This allows the hair to dry easily for brushing.
  • Teasing brush: A teasing brush has short, densely packed bristles and a pointed tip. It is used for edge control, backcombing, smoothing, and creating volume.
  • Wide-tooth comb: A wide-tooth comb has widely spaced teeth, making it ideal for detangling wet or dry, curly or thick hair without causing breakage. It’s designed in a way that it easily glides through the contours of your head.
  • Rat tail comb: A rat tail comb has a long, thin handle with fine teeth and a pointed tip on the other. It is used for precision styling and sectioning.
  • Boar bristle brush: A boar bristle brush is made of boar bristles and is used to distribute natural oils from the scalp throughout the hair. Its soft bristles glide through the hair, causing less breakage during styling. It also enhances shine and smoothes frizz.
  • Denman brush: A Denman brush is a paddle brush with closely packed plastic bristles. It is commonly used for detangling and styling curly hair when creating defined curls.

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Final Thoughts

Brushing your hair has numerous health benefits, including stimulating growth, exfoliating the scalp, removing knots and tangles, removing debris and buildups, and promoting relaxation.

However, too much brushing can harm your scalp and hair. That’s why it’s always good to understand your hair type, styling, and personal preference.

If you think you’re brushing your hair excessively, it’s good to slow down, and if you don’t brush your hair at all or only do it once in a while, it’s good to incorporate this routine into your life.

Overall, brushing your hair twice daily is the best practice.

You can also pay attention to your hair’s look, feel, and health to determine the best brushing schedule for you.

In addition, ensure you use a brush appropriate for your hair type and always be gentle to avoid damage.

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