How to grow kale?

If you are looking for a nutritious diet, don’t forget kale! Having your own can really elevate your meals, so learn how to grow kale today!

If you know the nutrients in it, you will never go back to not growing it. Kale is the original superfood! It contains fiber, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B6 vitamins C and K, iron, and many other useful nutrients besides antioxidants.

Read more about the Health Benefits of Kale here.

It is a versatile green that can be fried, steamed, and even fried in the oven to make a healthy vegetable breakfast. The young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or added to smoothies. Cold weather brings out the sweet, nutty flavor of this highly nutritious leafy green.

There are many varieties of kale you can be growing, and many methods to use. It is easy to grow from seed. It can also grow some handsome foliage that’s highly ornamental too, whether you’re growing it in vegetable patches, borders, or containers.

Vegan kale recipes:

White Bean and Kale Soup

Vegan Kale Pesto

Air Fryer Kale Chips

Vegan Kale Salad

African-Style Braised Kale and Tomatoes

wooden box of lacinato kale leaves

What is kale?

Kale is a member of the Brassica family of vegetables, which also includes cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and many more common vegetables. It is a biennial plant that lives for two years. Kale blooms and produces seeds in the second year, then the plant dies when the seeds reach maturity.

Kale thrives in a variety of growing environments, including garden soil, raised garden beds, and containers. Its decorative value is also appreciated, particularly in the fall.

It can also be grown indoors, as long as the environment has adequate lighting. The best soil is one that is rich in organic matter and has excellent drainage. In addition, the planting site should receive plenty of sunlight. Make sure the kale isn’t too close to taller plants that will shade it from the sunlight.

How to Freeze Kale?

Types of kale:

There are many different kale varieties to choose from, and they are all delicious. The curly-leaf varieties tend to last longer in cold weather than other varieties. However, the flat-leaf varieties tend to establish themselves more quickly.

Many of the colored or ornate leaved varieties are grown for decorative purposes as well as being edible. Some varieties to take into consideration are as follows:

Lacinato is a puckered heirloom kale from Tuscany. It is sometimes listed as Tuscan or dinosaur kale. Its thick leaves are hardy enough to be harvested even after snowfall.

Vates is a dwarf, curly, bluish-green kale that is both heat- and cold-tolerant. It is derived from the Dwarf Blue Curled Scotch kale.

Hanover Salad is a fast grower and an early producer. It has a pleasant taste for eating raw in salads.

Redbor has magenta leaves with curly edges. It features a mild, crisp flavor and texture.

Red Russian has smooth, tender leaves with purple veins and edges. It is considered one of the sweetest varieties of kale.

purple kale plants in garden

When to grow kale?

Kale is a cool-weather crop, so it grows best in the spring and fall and in locations where it can receive plenty of sunlight.

In the spring, you can plant seeds outside immediately after the last frost. At this point, the soil will have warmed enough for germination to occur. You can continue to sow seeds until the end of May.

How to space kale seedlings?

It is possible to start seeds indoors in modules, or outdoors in warmer weather, and then transplant them 6-8 weeks later. Whenever you are transplanting seedlings into your vegetable plot, make sure to leave at least 12 inches (30 cm) between each plant and 18 inches (45 cm) between rows because they will grow into quite large plants as they mature. You can give your kale a boost by incorporating well-rotted manure into the soil before planting it. You can also supplement with an all-purpose liquid plant food to give it an extra boost on occasion.

How to care for soil?

Before sowing seeds, you need to know what kind of soil to choose It is best to plant seedlings firmly into moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade, but do not overwater.

And another important point is that before planting, amend the soil with well-composted manure to improve the soil’s fertility and fertility of the plants. Additionally, a good mulch is beneficial in keeping plants moist and weed-free. To encourage the production of a large number of healthy leaves, remove any flower shoots that appear.

Spacing, depth, and support:

Space kale plants roughly 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart, and plant them at the same depth they were growing in their nursery container. Seeds should be planted around 1/2 inch deep. No support structure is necessary. It all is very essential for healthy Kale.

Kale planting and propagation:

kale is most commonly grown from seeds or transplanted from nursery plants. Cuttings, on the other hand, can be used to propagate the plant. Cuttings are a low-cost method of starting a new plant from scratch. The early spring or late summer is the best time to complete this task. Here’s how it’s done:

Remove a side stem with multiple leaves from the main stem by cutting it off with garden shears. Remove all of the leaves from the lower half of the stem and discard them. Trim the bottom of the stem at a 45-degree angle, just below a leaf node, to create a rounded shape.

The rooting hormone should be applied to the cut end. The bottom half of the stem should be planted in a small container with drainage holes filled with moistened soilless potting mix.

Maintain the moisture content of the growing medium. In a few weeks, you should see the development of roots. It is possible to gently tug on the stem and feel resistance, which indicates the presence of roots. Following that, it is ready for transplantation.

curly kale leaves on a wooden cutting board with a gray background

How to care for kale?

To get nutritious but deliciously tender kale, it is important to take care of a lot of things, from seedling to harvest. Some of them are given below:

Soil quality:

Kale plants thrive in soils that are high in organic matter and have a slightly acidic pH. The high nitrogen content provided by organic matter is essential for the development of healthy leaf growth. In addition, the soil should be well-drained.


Water your kale plants regularly, so the soil stays evenly moist but not soggy. Kale generally likes 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water per week. Along with cool temperatures, moist soil helps to keep the kale leaves sweet and crisp, rather than tough and bitter. Mulching around your plants can help to keep the soil cool and to retain moisture.


 Kale grows well in a variety of environments, from full sun to partial shade. The most vigorous growth will occur when the plant receives six or more hours of direct sunlight daily on the majority of days.

However, if you live in a hot, dry climate, you should provide your plant with some shade, particularly from the hot afternoon sun, to keep it healthy. Heat has the potential to cause the leaves to wilt and lose their flavor.


When you are going to plant the Kale, mix fertilizer into the top 3 to 4 inches of soil. Then, feed your kale throughout the growing season, following the instructions on your fertilizer label. Use compost or a high-nitrogen vegetable fertilizer.

curly leaf kale plants in garden

Temperature and humidity:

Temperature and humidity are important factors to consider.

Once mature, the plant is typically regarded as a cool-weather vegetable that can withstand some frost if cared for properly. The ideal soil temperature for planting kale is between 60 and 65℉. All varieties prefer cool temperatures, and a light dusting of frost will enhance their flavor.

Kale becomes bitter when grown in hot weather. Even though kale is a biennial plant, meaning it requires two growing seasons (or years) to complete its life cycle, it is typically grown as an annual crop. If it is subjected to prolonged frost or snow, it will collapse. However, if the winters are mild and there is sufficient water, it can be grown successfully throughout the winter in USDA zones 7 through 10.

How to harvest kale?

Kale can be grown as a crop that can be harvested and replanted. Salads can be made from the young, tender leaves of the plant. Plants that have been allowed to mature for winter greens can be left in the ground throughout the winter and harvested as needed for soups and stews in the spring and summer.

Expect to wait approximately two months for your kale plants to mature from seeds. Spring-planted kale will be good for harvesting throughout the summer months, but it’s especially tasty after a light frost.

Storing kale:

You can harvest young kale leaves to use fresh in salads or allow your plants to mature for use as a cooked green. Remove the older outer leaves, and allow the center of the plant to continue producing. Kale will keep it in the refrigerator, ideally in the crisper drawer, for about a week.

two kale leaves isolated on white background

How to grow kale in pots?

Kale is a plant that is easy to grow in pots. Not only does this make the plant more mobile, allowing you to move it into better sunlight and shelter from severe weather as needed, but it also helps to keep garden critters such as rabbits from munching on the leaves. Furthermore, container gardening is a great option if you don’t have access to a garden or the proper soil conditions.

Choose a pot that has a minimum diameter of 12 inches. It should also have a sufficient number of drainage holes. An unglazed clay container is a good choice because it will allow excess soil moisture to escape through its walls, thereby reducing the likelihood of root rot developing in the container. Make use of a high-quality potting mix; an organic mix designed specifically for vegetables.

How often do you grow kale?

The majority of kale plants are biennials, which means that it will take approximately two years from seedling to flower and set seed before they will produce flowers and seeds. Growing kale for its leaves, on the other hand, increases the likelihood that you will replace it every year, and the plant will be more successful as a result.

The plant can also be treated as a ‘cut and come again’ crop, in which case you harvest the tender young top leaves for salads while leaving the stem to overwinter and produce side shoots of larger leaves for cooking purposes.

Kale leaves are thought to have their best flavor when they’ve been gently affected by a light frost. This means that fall harvests are generally better than the spring harvests.

To harvest, start with the oldest and lowest leaves on the tree. Any that are yellowed or ragged should be thrown away. Take as many leaves as you want, as long as you leave at least four leaves at the top of the plant, the crown, which is the minimum requirement for it to stay healthy. Kale will continue to produce new leaves throughout the winter in zones 7-10.

How to grow kale from seed?

Kale can be grown from seed directly in the garden or from seedlings started indoors and transplanted outside. Seeding can be done directly into the ground in cold climates as soon as the soil temperature reaches 45℉.

Plants should be started indoors in a seed-starting mix about six weeks before the last expected frost date in your region. Kale seeds germinate quickly in warm soil and should sprout within five to eight days, depending on how warm the soil is.

Cover the seeds with approximately 1/2 inch of soil, and keep the growing medium moist throughout the growing season.

After the danger of frost has passed, move the seedlings from their original location to the outdoors.

lacinato kale plants in garden

How to use kale?

Kale is a vegetable that can be prepared and used in various ways.

Green kale leaves are delicious steamed or fried, and they are high in antioxidants and vitamins. Salads and stir-fries with young kale leaves are delicious, and the leaves make a wonderful addition to stews and soups as well.

Common plant pests and diseases

Kale is a cabbage family member, which is known for attracting insect pests and rot illnesses. Kale is prone to black rot, clubroot, aphids, cabbage loopers, cabbageworm, cutworms, flea beetles, and slugs.

The greatest defense against these pests is to keep an eye on the plants for evidence of eggs or feeding, like as holes in the leaves, as often as possible. As soon as a problem arises, address it.

Other gardening articles:

  1. How to Grow Carrots
  2. Dark Colored Vegetables For The Garden
  3. Benefits of a Community Garden
  4. How To Grow Green Onion
  5. Winterizing Raised Garden Beds
  6. Easy Fruits And Vegetables To Grow

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