The sweet taste of peas grown in the magnificent garden is not something you find in grocery stores. Read about how to grow snow peas and enjoy them fresh!
Peas are easy to grow, but their growth period is limited to cold weather. Also, peas do not stay fresh for long after harvest, so you will want to enjoy their taste as soon as possible!
Plant peas on the ground as soon as possible, even if it snows later. Ahead, we will talk about snow peas in detail.
Also check out How to Grow Sugar Snap Peas!
What are snow peas?
Snow peas are an annual crop with flat edible pods that are consumed before the seeds have a chance to develop properly.
They are simple to grow and are a fantastic crop to grow with children because they produce a large and plentiful harvest of tasty treats in a short period of time.
You can eat them raw or lightly cooked in a variety of ways, including steaming or stir-frying. You can also grow seeds as shoots or microgreens if they haven’t been chemically treated before planting.
Snow peas, also known as sugar peas or Chinese pea pods, are a type of legume that produces edible pods. They are a member of the legume family.
They are one of the triumvirates of delicious P. sativum varieties that can be grown in a home garden and are easy to grow.
Snow peas varieties:
Snow peas are available in two varieties: climbing and bush. The one-meter climber that has some resistance to powdery mildew is known as the Oregon Giant.
- Oregon (bush) is 70cm in height and is suitable for small gardens and children.
- Yakumo Giant is a 2- to 2.5-meter-tall climber with purple flowers on the branches.
- Yellow podded climber with pink and purple flowers that grow to 2 meters in height.
- Mammoth Melting is a 2-meter climber that produces a large amount of fruit over a long period of time.
How to grow snow peas?
Have you ever considered growing snow peas? Snow peas are a cold-weather vegetable that can withstand cold temperatures.
Growing snow peas does not require much effort compared to other types of peas, and they can be harvested in the same season.
Snow peas are more successfully grown from seed than from seedlings because they have sensitive roots that do not like to be transplanted, so growing them from seed is more successful.
In addition, it is a more cost-effective method of growing plants. Try using wire or netting to create a barrier between your seed and animals if you are having problems with them eating your seed.
Planting snow peas is done by placing the seeds 1 to 1-1/2 inches (2.5 to 3.5 cm.) deep and 1 inch (2.5 cm.) apart, with 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm.) between rows.
When to plant snow peas?
As you are aware, peas thrive in cool weather, which means you can start planting them in your garden as early as possible. In the spring, a good rule of thumb is to plant 4 to 6 weeks before your last frost date.
Despite the fact that peas thrive in cooler weather, if the seed is planted in soil that is too wet and cold, it will rot.
They require soil that is at least 4 degrees Celsius (40 degrees Fahrenheit); if you are unsure, use a soil thermometer.
If you are experiencing an unusually cold spring and are eager to get started growing your snow peas, you could consider planting them under a row cover made of fabric. Then, when the peas are a few inches tall, you can remove them and put up your trellis structure.
How to plant snow peas?
There is nothing required in planting snow peas that is very complicated. The first step is digging a small furrow in your garden and planting the seeds one inch deep and two inches apart.
After that, rake the soil over the peas and gently tap the soil down to ensure that the seeds have good contact with the soil before watering them thoroughly.
Before planting you must follow these steps:
Preparing the soil:
It is necessary to have well-drained soil, and mounding your beds prior to planting can aid in this endeavor.
Composted compost and sulfate of potash should be used to prepare the soil. A pH range of 6 – 7 is ideal, ranging from slightly acidic to neutral.
Add a handful of lime or dolomite per square meter of soil that has been tested if the pH is too low. If the pH is too high, add more compost to the soil.
Make use of a garden fork to loosen the soil to a depth of approximately 30cm. The moment you can drop your fork into the soil and it remains upright, you will have completed your task.
Snow peas need full sun:
Snow peas will thrive if you can locate them in a part of your garden that receives at least 7 hours of direct sunlight each day.
I’ve tried growing them in very shady areas of our garden in the past, and while they were lovely plants, they were much smaller than the plants grown in full sun, and they didn’t produce nearly as many peas as the plants grown in full sun.
Watering snow peas:
While it is important not to overwater peas when they are first planted, keeping the soil moist once they are up and growing is beneficial to their growth in the long run.
Peas require at least 1 inch of water per week, so if you haven’t had enough rain, make sure to water your garden as soon as possible.
Keep them well-watered once they begin to flower and produce pea pods, which is especially important during this time.
Incorporating a fine mulch about 4 inches deep around the base of your plants will help the soil retain moisture and reduce the amount of water you need to provide.
Fertilizing snow peas:
Snow peas should not require any additional fertilizer, but if they are not looking their best around the time of flowering, give them a dose of organic fertilizer to boost their growth.
Trellising snow peas:
Snow peas can be grown in your own backyard garden.
A trellis is not necessary if you are growing a dwarf or bush variety of, which can survive without one. In strong winds, however, providing them with a small trellis to support their growth will help to keep them from toppling over.
Pea trellis for dwarf peas does not have to be complicated to be effective. To provide support, you can use some 2-foot-high chicken wire or some sticks and string to make a frame.
For taller varieties of snow peas, you’ll want to make sure your trellis is sturdy enough to hold them up while they grow. However, there are a variety of options that will provide support for your plants while not costing a fortune.
Support for garden netting can be made from 8-foot lengths of 2x2s or bamboo polls that have been sunk at least a foot into the ground.
It is possible to purchase or construct a simple A-frame trellis, tie garden twine between poles or sticks, or use an existing fence in your yard.
Pruning snow peas:
Remove the uppermost set of leaves from your snow peas when they reach approximately 18 inches in height in order to encourage vining laterally. This will force the plant to expend more energy on lateral growth, which will result in a larger harvest.
Harvesting and storing snow peas:
Snow pea plants have a short lifespan and can be harvested several times during that time. Several different types of plants that mature at different times are best planted together to ensure a continuous harvest.
When small seeds are visible inside the pods of your snow peas, you’ll know it’s time to harvest them. In terms of size, the seeds will be no larger than 1/4 inch in diameter, and the vegetable will be translucent to slightly translucent in appearance. This results in the best possible sweetness.
Simply snip the snow peas at the point where the pod meets the stem and store them in a cool, dry place in your refrigerator, in a salad spinner, or wrapped in fresh kitchen towels.
These should not be stored in a plastic bag with no airflow because they will rot. Snow peas can be washed before storing them. However, make sure to allow them to dry completely before doing so, because moisture will cause them to spoil quickly.
Snow peas can be easily stored in the freezer or pressure can for long-term storage in the refrigerator.
If you want to extend the life of your pea plant, cut it at the base and add it to your compost bin.
Snow peas propagation:
Starting snow peas from seed in the soil or in a tray for transplanting out is the most effective method of growing them. Before sowing, try to inoculate the seed by dipping it into a solution of water and a powdered inoculant.
While extremely rare, it is possible to root a portion of a vine by using a rooting hormone and a growing medium that is evenly moist throughout.
This would be done in order to preserve a very rare or novel variety of plants. It is not worthwhile to proceed in any other way.
Can you grow snow peas in a container?
If you have a balcony garden, you don’t have to lose out on the fun. Snow peas can be grown in containers, especially the smaller shrub variety.
Troubleshooting snow pea plants:
Snow peas are a relatively simple crop to raise. One of the greatest methods to avoid difficulties is to water evenly, use healthy or disease-resistant seedlings, and keep the soil healthy.
Pea plants are thirsty. Too much water causes root damage, too little water causes stress. Keep the soil moist around the roots of your snow peas to avoid many of these problems.
Snow pea pests:
Adept at spreading illness and sucking the sap from the leaves, aphids attack peas in two ways. Ladybugs and lacewings can help you get rid of them.
Pea weevils are greenish-brown bugs with yellow rear stripes. Pea leaf weevils are little bugs that resemble pea weevils, but are not the same.
The pea weevils deposit eggs on pea pods, and pea leaf weevils feed on the young and sensitive leaf margins. Hand-pick them and drop them into a pail of soapy water to get rid of them. Weevils are more active at night, so bring a flashlight.
On the undersides of leaves, spider mites spin small silvery webs. They nutrient-suck the peas. Ladybugs or lacewings can be released to clean them out.
Leaf miners ‘doodle’ on leaves by devouring the inside of them. To get rid of the miner, clip contaminated leaves and remove them from the garden.
Cover your crop with row cover to keep adults from producing eggs. If the bees can’t reach your blossoms, you may have to hand pollinate.
Snow pea diseases:
Anthracnose manifests itself on leaves as circular red, brown, or black dots on the surface of the leaves. Heat and humidity encourage the spread of the fungus.
Fungicides containing copper or sulfur can be used to prevent it from spreading. By keeping your equipment clean and avoiding splashing water on the leaves of the plant, you can help to avoid this problem.
Fusarium wilt is an infection caused by a fungus that attacks the vascular tissues of the plant. Aesthetically, the plants appear stunted and of a yellow or brown hue. Fungicides are ineffective, which is a sad reality. Crop rotation can help prevent this.
Additionally, a product such as Mycostop can be used to introduce a bacterial strain into the soil, which will either stop or limit the growth of the troublesome fungi.
Benefits of snow peas:
Never let their small stature fool you; they are anything but insignificant. Snow peas are a nutritional powerhouse, containing a variety of vitamins and minerals.
This legume has a number of beneficial health effects, which are as follows:
Help avoid constipation:
Snow peas are a great source of fiber, as are other legumes. Fiber is a component of plant foods that our bodies are unable to digest, but it is essential for maintaining regular bowel movements and preventing constipation in some people.
Help prevent anemia:
Anemia due to a lack of iron can cause weakness, fatigue, headaches, and cold hands and feet, among other symptoms. Snow peas are high in iron. A cup of snow peas contains 1.3 mg of this essential mineral.
Not only does calcium help to strengthen bones, but so does phosphorus. Snow peas are also a good source of phosphorus. It is a mineral that is required for the development of strong bones and teeth.
Help prevent inflammation:
Long-term inflammation is linked to heart disease, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, and even certain types of cancer.
Snow peas are an excellent source of vitamin C. This is an antioxidant that fights free radicals that can cause damage to the body and cause inflammation.
Encourage weight loss:
In addition to being low in calories and high in fiber, snow peas are an excellent weight-loss food because they contain nutrients that are essential to any healthy diet plan.
Contributes to eye health:
Vitamin A is responsible for the health of your retina, which is located in your eyes. Snow peas contain 35.1 mcg RAE of vitamin A per cup of cooked snow peas.
Possible snow pea side effects:
The fact that snow peas are a legume raises the possibility that they will cause adverse reactions. This will probably only happen in people who are allergic or sensitive to legumes like peanuts or soybeans.
Further research has revealed that excessive consumption of legumes such as beans and chickpeas can have a negative impact on mineral absorption and lead to nutritional deficiencies. However, it is unlikely that you will be able to consume enough snow peas to have any measurable effect on mineral absorption.
Because they contain a high amount of fiber, overindulging in them may result in bloating and indigestion, especially if you are not accustomed to consuming large amounts of fiber.
If you decide to consume snow peas, remember to do so in moderation, just as you would with any other food.
Conclusion on how to grow snow peas:
If you enjoy eating snow peas, there is no reason why you shouldn’t continue doing so. You can include them in any diet because they are a low-calorie, high-protein food that is easy to prepare.
They’re also a good source of vitamin C and fiber, which are both essential nutrients for maintaining good health in general.
Other gardening articles:
- Herb Gardening For Beginners
- Growing Strawberries In Raised Beds
- How To Keep Basil Alive
- How To Grow Green Onion
- Easy Fruits And Vegetables To Grow
- How To Grow Lettuce
- How To Grow Kale
Get discounted copies of my cookbook here.
Fortunately, because of the Ads on our website, readers and subscribers of Healthier Steps are sponsoring many underprivileged families.