How to grow spinach?

Spinach is a cold-weather plant closely related to beets and Swiss chard. It is a fast-growing plant that produces a lot of leaves quickly during the mild seasons of autumn and spring. Learn how to grow spinach ahead!

There are a variety of varieties of Spinach that vary in appearance. Most of the time, the leaves are smooth and dark to medium green in hue. The plants of Spinach have an upright growth pattern and can produce tiny blooms that are yellow-green on spikes during the heat before getting ready to go into seed. It is fast-growing and may be harvested within a month following the planting of seeds. In all environments, it is best in autumn or spring. While it is a fan of full sun, it can yield a decent harvest even in the shade.

The Spinach (Spinacia Oleracea) is an excellent supply of Vitamin A and is among the healthiest plants that can be grown. Growing Spinach in your garden is a fantastic option to gain calcium, iron, and vitamins B, A-C, and K. This green is nutrient-rich and has been grown for more than 2500 years. 

Also learn How to Freeze Spinach or how to make Spinach Artichoke Pasta Bake and Spinach Pakora.

What to plan before planting:

In advance of Growing Spinach planting, you’ll need to determine which variety you’d like to cultivate in the correct season. There are two types of Spinach.

  • Savoy (or Curly)
  • Flat Leaf

Flat-leaf is often preserved and frozen because it grows faster and is easier to clean than Savoy. Savoy cultivars taste great and look better. However, their curly leaves can be challenging to clean since they are prone to hold dirt and sand. They are also more durable and have lower levels of Oxalic acid than leafy Spinach.

There are many kinds. Winter cultivars require an open, sunny spot, whereas summer cultivars require some shade.

Sow

The best way to grow spinach is in moist, well-drained soil or compost in the shade. Use a drill to make a shallow hole in fertile soil well-prepared and well-drained in a sunny area, and plant your spinach seeds thinly, about 1.5cm in depth. Plant the seeds on top of soil and water thoroughly. If you plan to grow multiple rows, spread the seeds 30cm (1ft) from each other. Cover the area with cloches or a protective cover when the weather is cool. Sow a source for three or four weeks to ensure an ongoing supply throughout this growing time.

Plant spinach in succession every couple of weeks to ensure a consistent harvest. Pick baby leaves to use in salads or mature leaves that are wilted for use in stews and soups.

 Seeds can also be sown finely inside large containers.

 Plant summer cultivars every few weeks:

  • with cloches or fleeces until February
  • Unprotected from mid-March until the close of May
  • Plant hardy winter cultivars in August. Then, reap them in September.

What do spinach seeds look like?

If you’ve never tried the seeds before, they have a distinct appearance to their appearance. They’re usually 1/4 inch wide; however, some might be smaller.

The most effective way to describe their form is to say they resemble a teardrop shape. The colour of their hair can vary from brown to cream or yellowish.

In ideal conditions, at most, 60% of seeds will grow. Everyday seed life is 3 years per 100′ row: 400 seeds, per acre: 174M seeds.

bowl of spinach leaves in wooden bowl on wood

Soil

Before you sow, add nutrients to your soil by digging up to two buckets of the garden. It could refer to homemade gardening compost or seed/pottery compost.

  • The garden compost can be described as a soil-enhancing agent composed of decomposed plant waste, generally in the form of a compost heap or bin. It is then added to the soil to increase its fertility, structure, and capacity for holding water.
  • The potting or seed composts are made to grow plants or seedlings in containers. There are a variety of commercially-produced composts available. They are made out of a mixture of different components, including loam, coir fertilizer, sand, and sand; however, you can make your own.
  • Compost per square meter (yard) and the raking of a general fertilizer with 150g per square meter (5oz for each sq yard).

How to grow spinach indoors?

  • It is simple to cultivate Spinach indoors, on windowsills.
  • If you are planting in autumn, plant your pots in a more sunny windowsill because there are fewer hours of sun. Ensure that the plants are not allowed to become too hot or cold. So, don’t place them near a radiator, for example.
  • If you are planting in spring, place the pot so that it can receive some shade.

Place spinach plants into a pot at least 6 inches deep and then plants the seeds in a depth of 12 inches, spacing each plant approximately 3 inches apart. 

Light

It is best to plant Spinach in areas where it will get full sunlight or partial shade. This means it requires at least three or 4 hours in direct sunlight on most days, but it might need some protection from the intense afternoon sun.

When to plant spinach?

Spinach thrives in colder temperatures. For four weeks prior to and 3 weeks following when the frost has gone out it is suggested to direct seed. The increase in temperature and the lengthening, and heat of the days can cause fast bolting in the leaves of spinach. Certain cultivars can be removed before they have the chance to bolt. Plant it once at least every 3 weeks, to ensure constant production.
In regions with cold winters, you should plant your seeds in the middle of two weeks of August to make sure that the autumn crop, trimmed until it’s buried, can be re-grown in the spring. The seeds you plant in summer must be well-shaded and well-hydrated and you should plant more seeds than the ones you need as the warm soil can hinder the process of germination. Apply Cloche protection for seedlings as the temperature gets colder. In mild winters late sowings are possible to harvest when the cloche is secure.

Water

It is vital to water spinach regularly to ensure that the soil remains moist but not overly wet. Regular irrigation is crucial during warm weather to avoid bolting. The general rule is that Spinach requires about 1 1/2 to 1.5 inches of water every week. Instead of a weekly heavy watering routine, it’s best to water your plants multiple times a week. The addition of mulch around the plants will help maintain the soil’s water levels.

Fertilizer

Because it’s such an incredibly fast-growing plant and fast-growing plant, Spinach is also a huge food source. When you plant the plant, mix a fertilizer rich in nitrogen into the soil and follow the directions on the label. This will aid in promoting the healthy growth of the foliage. Continue to fertilize through the entire season, based on the rules of your product. Soy meal and fish emulsion are both organic options for Spinach.

Where to grow spinach

  • Plant spinach in full sunshine. 
  • Add 2 inches of old compost or a commercial organic mix of planting material to the beds before planting, and then make the soil twelve inches (30cm) deep.
  • Spinach prefers soils with a pH range of 6.0 or 6.8.
  • Spinach is resilient and thrives in cool climates. Ideal spinach growing conditions are 50degF – 70degF (10-21degC).
  • The warm weather and long, hot days will cause Spinach to bolt. The result is when it will bloom and then go to seed.

close up of spinach plant

Recommended spinach types

Four significant kinds of Spinach are suitable to fall and spring plantings.

  • The baby leaf-style spinach is tender with tiny-sized leaves. The variety ‘Baby’s Leave is suitable for containers. “Catalina” is heat-tolerant and is resistant against downy mildew.
  • Savoy the Spinach is curly and wavy dark green leaves, e.g., “Bloomsdale. The “Winter Bloomsdale version is a crinkled leaf, an autumn variety that is resistant against mosaic viruses.
  • Semi-Savoy has slightly wrinkled leaves and is challenging to plant. Melody is immune to the cucumber mosaic virus, and mildew-resistant ‘Remington’ can be grown in spring, summer, or fall. ‘Tyee’ can be planted in fall or spring and is immune to mildew that causes a downy odor.
  • Malabar Spinach (Basella Alba) is a plant as well as New Zealand Spinach (Tetragonia Tetragonoides) is a perennial plant, which are two greens that resemble ordinary Spinach. Both are exceptionally heat-tolerant, and they are best grown in summer when Spinach cannot withstand heat.

Growing spinach: problem-solving

Birds:

Through eating leaves, seeds, buds or fruits, as well as different fruits, animals such as pigeons could pose a danger to crops.

Utilize nets or mesh to prevent birds from your plants. Mesh or plant fleece is the best and most secure method of protecting your plants from pests and birds in contrast to scarecrows and other solutions that are temporary.

Bolting:

This is when the flowers of plants bloom and set seeds early.

If not for seeding, plant varieties are resistant to bolts. Plant or sow at the right time, and keep the compost or soil humid.

Spinach downy mildew:

The downy mildew that attacks Spinach is only Spinach and is particularly bad in humid, mild weather. Garden plants that are properly maintained are generally not affected unless they are in humid weather. The mildew is a sour taste that makes leaves taste unappetizing. 

You can aid in preventing this illness by making sure that there is enough space around plants to enhance the circulation of air by watering the soil near the bottom of the plant and selecting mildew-resistant varieties.

Pests and diseases:

Leaf miners are the most likely culprits of the soft, pale tunnels that appear on leaves. A floating row cover should be used to protect the leaf. Put them in your leaf and they’ll be gone in no time. Destroy any affected leaves. The fungal infection causes greyish mold on leaves. Ensure adequate ventilation and stay clear of overhead watering to prevent it from happening.

Spinach pests:

Spinach is a target for Aphids, flea bugs, leaf miners, slugs, and spider mites.

Kill aphids with an intense blast of water. Remove the foliage that is heavily infested.

Get rid of leaves that leaf miners tunnel. Check for eggs that are on the bottom of the leaves. Row covers that floated can keep leaf miners’ flies away from the plant bed.

Spray the flea beetles and spider mites with spin sad. Ensure that snails and slugs are kept away from Spinach by sprinkling diatomaceous earth around the plants.

How long from seed to harvest:

As I’ve said several times, Spinach is quick to grow, which means it’s the first thing you pick from your garden during the spring.

It takes approximately 45 days for the growth of Spinach from seeds to harvest, and the leaves might be big enough to be picked before the time. This is fantastic.

However, make sure to take all the leaves as you harvest. It would be best to have a couple of them to continue growing and producing.

How to harvest spinach?

Should you follow this guideline regarding growing Spinach; it will be ready to harvest within 6 and 10 weeks after sowing. If you plan your seeds in succession between the spring and the fall, there will be plenty of Spinach to harvest all year long.

  • Summer cultivars of SpinachYou can typically choose types of Spinach in the summer months from May through October.
  • Cultivars for winter spinach are available for harvest between October and April. “Harvest only a handful of leaves at one time from each plant, allowing the plant to produce throughout the year.
  • Others advise gardeners to pick every other plant to be used for cooking while giving the remaining plants more space to expand.

Please pay attention to spinach crops since they generally grow more quickly in warmer temperatures.

bowl of spinach in garden next to rain boots

How to store spinach?

The storage of Spinach that has been harvested is not advised for longer than a day or two days. It’s a highly delicate plant that does not like being thrown aside.

  • If you have to keep it for a few days, I’ve recommended soaking a paper towel before putting it into the plastic bag for storage and then laying the leaves on top of it with care.
  • Take care that you don’t bend and smudge the leaves. They can be kept crisp for sandwiches and salads when they’re in good shape at the beginning.
  • Dehydrating is an excellent storage and preservation technique. After drying leaves, they are ground into a fine powder, making them a beautiful ingredient in smoothies, soups, and baked items!

Other gardening articles:

  1. How to Grow Carrots
  2. Dark Colored Vegetables For The Garden
  3. Benefits of a Community Garden
  4. How To Grow Green Onion
  5. Winterizing Raised Garden Beds
  6. Easy Fruits And Vegetables To Grow

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