Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

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These flavorful Jamaican Lentil Patties is a gluten-free and vegan version of the very popular Jamaican beef patty. Savory lentils cooked with aromatic herbs and spices in a buttery pastry.

Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

Jamaican Patties would be considered the Jamaican fast food. In this version, I used lentils instead of ground meat and placed in a gluten-free and vegan crust. The taste is right on and very flavorful.  I added curry powder to the crust for that signature golden color.

Note updated Nov. 15, 2017 : I have worked long on hard on this recipe, originally I wanted to use only ingredients that can be found worldwide but this is the best version so far with a gluten-free crust from scratch that comes together, just last night I had a close friend who is also Jamaican try it and she was blown away by the results and wanted the recipe. I used Earth Balance Vegan Buttery Spread that gave the dough a buttery flavor.


By all means, use your favorite crust with this recipe, the filling is the best vegan filling you will ever find!!! I have also seen amazing photos and reviews of this recipe using regular all-purpose flour in Facebook Groups and on Pinterest.

Don’t expect this gluten-free crust to be super flaky like traditional all-purpose flour crust, gluten-free dough lacks gluten, the elasticity that makes dough stretchy. So scientifically speaking it is impossible to be as flaky.

Check out more about the history of Jamaican patties here

Jamaican Lentil Patties Gluten-Free, Vegan)

How To Make Jamaican Patties With Lentils

I have been meaning to do a step-by-step recipe on how I make my vegan and gluten-free version of my Jamaican Lentil Patties. Working with gluten-free dough is pretty tricky because you are working with a dough that has less elasticity than regular wheat flour dough.

Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

Making gluten-free dough is not the same as using regular flour, but it can be pretty close! I don’t add xanthan gum to my dough but you can add 1 teaspoon to the recipe.

I roll the dough in a circle in between parchment papers, then I added the seasoned lentils Fold the dough in half over the lentil filling with the parchment paper.

Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

It is so much easier to work with the dough when it is placed between sheets of parchment paper and rolled using a rolling pin. Remove the top sheet, add the filling and fold the bottom sheet over, as shown above, Seal edges and crimp with a fork as shown below.

Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

I love to use ground flax-seeds as the egg substitute and oat flour as gluten-free flour. You can substitute with brown rice flour, sorghum or millet flour. I also added tapioca starch and potato starch as a binder. Obviously, these patties are not the same as traditional beef patties but they are the best and most flavorful you will find that are gluten-free and vegan.

I know I’m repeating myself, if you aren’t on a gluten-free diet, just substitute the crust with your favorite crust, puff pastry or even pie crust. If you don’t have potato starch, you can blend the liquid in the recipe with potato. The filling is so flavorful it is truly worth it.

If you are on a gluten-free and vegan diet, I know you can relate to me because there are so many of your favorite recipes that you have to give up due to agonizing reactions to gluten. So I’m excited to experiment with recipes that you can still enjoy. For the people who have reactions to even gluten-free oat, use a combination of brown rice flour, sorghum flour, tapioca starch, potato starch as a substitute.

Updated: February 2019: I have since experimented and found this crust in my Jamaican Callaloo Patties to be flakier and more like traditional Jamaican patty crust, however, it has a higher fat content so it is not for anyone who is on any dietary restrictions.

Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

I have lots of fun “vegan-izing” traditional Jamaican dishes, you can check out some of my favorites:

  1. Jamaican Stewed Peas With Dumplings
  2. Jamaican Spicy Potato Curry
  3. Jamaican Lentil Patties
  4. Jamaican Pumpkin Soup (Pureed)
  5. Jamaican Banana Fritters
  6. Jamaican Sweet Potato Pudding
  7. Jamaican Gungo Peas Soup
  8. Jamaican Vegan Rundown Recipe
  9. Jamaican Cornmeal Porridge Bowl
  10. Vegan Ackee

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(Per portion)
  • Energy: 422 kcal / 1764 kJ
  • Fat: 16 g
  • Protein: 13 g
  • Carbs: 58 g

Cooking Time

  • Preparation: 45 min
  • Cooking: 1 h 1 min
  • Ready in: 1 h 46 min
  • For:
  • 8 Patties


For The Filling

For The Crust


  1. Heat oil in a medium saucepan over medium-high heat. Add onion, spring onion, and garlic and saute stirring constantly until onion is soft. About 3 minutes.
  2. Add thyme, turmeric, paprika, cumin, allspice, lentil and stir to coat.
  3. Add water or broth and bring to boil. Cover saucepan and reduce heat to simmer for 30 minutes until most of the liquid has evaporated and lentils are tender.
  4. Stir in liquid aminos, cayenne pepper and salt to taste. Remove from heat and allow to cool while preparing the crust.
  5. Preheat oven 400°F. Line baking sheet with parchment paper and set aside.
  6. In a large bowl, combine oat flour. flax seed meal, tapioca starch, potato starch, baking powder, sea salt, and curry powder
  7. Stir in vegan butter until the dough resembles crumbs. Stir in almond milk and use hand to form a dough ball.
  8. Further divide ball into 8 smaller balls. Roll out each ball in between 2 parchment paper sheets using a rolling pin, about a 4-inch circle.
  9. Remove top layer sheet, add 1 tablespoon of lentil filling on one half of circle, making sure to leave edges clear. Fold over the other half, by folding parchment paper and seal crimping edges with a fork.
  10. Transfer to baking sheet. Repeat with remaining dough. Bake for 20-25 minutes or until golden brown.


Jamaican Lentil Patties (Gluten-Free, Vegan)

Recipe author's Gravatar image

Michelle Blackwood, RN

Hi, I’m Michelle, I’m the voice, content creator and photographer behind Healthier Steps. I share vegan and gluten-free recipes because of past health issues. My goal is to help you make healthier choices and show you how healthy eating is easy and delicious.

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  1. Stormy
    January 12, 2021

    These are amazing <3 Is it possible to keep for later like freezing?

  2. Marcy
    December 29, 2020

    I make them often for my daughter who chooses to eat vegan only. They are fun to make and easy to store. It is a great recipe. Thank you for creating a delicious vegan Jamaican patty recipe.

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      December 29, 2020

      Marcy, I’m so happy you and your daughter enjoy them. Thank you so much for sharing your feedback with us.

  3. Sharon
    December 28, 2020

    Thank you Michelle for sharing your delightful recipes!! Looking forward to trying this.

  4. Robin
    November 6, 2020

    Hi. I really want to try this! It looks great. Can I substitute gluten free all purpose flour?

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      November 7, 2020

      Yes you can Robin, I’m not sure how it will turn out because no two gluten-free all-purpose flours react the same since the blends have different ingredients.

  5. Dorreth McKnight
    November 1, 2020

    I have made these several times, lentil, àckee ànd chick pea. I use 1 to 1 gluten free flour for the crust. They are so tasty I have shared them with my friends.

  6. Angie
    September 23, 2020

    I made these last night and they are delicious!! I used coconut milk instead of almond milk because that’s what I had. I also used my tortilla press, which made the process super fast. Thanks for your recipe!

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      September 23, 2020

      Angie, that’s so cool. I love the idea of using a tortilla press and coconut milk. Thank you for sharing!

  7. Deb
    September 15, 2020

    I cannot use oat flour or potato starch in addition to wheat, soy and corn. I’m at a loss for substitutes.

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      September 15, 2020

      You can substitute the oat flour with one of these flours, quinoa, rice, sorghum. potato starch for arrowroot. I didn’t try it though, only giving alternatives. There is soy-free vegan butter on the market or you can substitute with coconut oil. If all fails try checking at your local supermarket to see if any of your gluten-free tortillas are free of these allergens and then add the cooled filling and bake like I did for my Baked Tortilla Samosas Recipe.

  8. quinn
    September 10, 2020

    hi, these look incredible! but i’m deathly allergic to tapioca (gf vegan diet is super tricky with that)… any possible substitutes? i don’t suppose corn starch would work?

  9. Chris and Earl
    September 7, 2020

    These are THE best patties ever!
    We’ve made the calaloo, ackee and lentil. They are savory, light and a perfect crust. We made 4 large patties. My husband said we will use your recipes for ALL of our meals since they are vegan and gluten free. Thank you Michelle.

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      September 7, 2020

      I’m so excited that you and your husband enjoyed my patty recipes. Thank you for sharing your feedback, I really appreciate it.

  10. Brenda Rice
    September 4, 2020

    Can almond flour be subbed for oat flour?

  11. chris
    September 4, 2020

    Hi Michelle,
    we made these last weekend, they were delicious. A little on the small size for a pattie so we’re going to double the recipe again. My husband is going to make calaloo and ackee patties. Can I use all purpose flour or almond flour instead of or mixed with oat flour?

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      September 5, 2020

      Chris, I’m happy you enjoyed them. I would use a blend of flours.

      • Chris
        September 5, 2020

        I notice you use different flours in your pattie recipes, can you advise why. Thx.

        • Michelle Blackwood, RN
          September 5, 2020

          I’m on a gluten-free meal plan and one flour alone will not work like wheat flour. These gluten-free flours do not have gluten (glue) to hold together. You use a combination of flour and starches to replicate wheat flour.

  12. Earl
    August 29, 2020

    I decided to use canned callaloo as a filling (Grace Brand.) I seasoned it with scotch bonnet salt and spring onion…Nailed it! Best crust, it just meted in my mouth.

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      August 29, 2020

      I’m so excited that it turned out Earl and you enjoyed it. Funny thing is, I also have callaloo and ackee patties here on the website.

  13. Bridget Young
    August 24, 2020

    Hi Michelle, how could i make these lentils in the Instant Pot?

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      August 25, 2020

      Bridget you can cook the lentil filling for your Jamaican Patties in the Instant Pot. It should take about 15 minutes on HP, I just haven’t tried it myself as yet. While you let the filling cool by removing it and spreading it out on a plate to cool faster, you can then prepare the dough for the crust.

  14. Margaret Dye
    August 9, 2020

    You had me until I saw butter.. Can I replace it with anything healthier besides butter?

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      August 9, 2020

      Margaret, I understand, the original recipe I used chilled coconut oil but I wanted a better crust so I used vegan butter, so coconut oil will work.

  15. Lauren Wild
    July 14, 2020

    I’m not a fan of curry. Can I leave it out of the crust recipe?

  16. Bailey
    June 29, 2020

    Now all I need is some GF cocoa bread! This is one of my favorite recipes, I make it all the time

  17. Maureen Dyer
    May 15, 2020

    I’ll be following you from now. Love the idea of your recipes. Everyday ingredients. Just finish making the lentil patties.i put small pieces of mushrooms in mine. They’re not as pretty as yours. Dough kept breaking apart but I managed to get them going. Thanks. Gonna keep trying some other of your ideas.

    • Michelle Blackwood, RN
      May 15, 2020

      Thank you, Maureen, I’m so happy you are here. Gluten-Free Recipes are tricky, I’m going to start adding psyllium husks to my pastries, then again it might not be an everyday ingredient.

      • Jamila
        July 10, 2020

        How much psyllium husk would you add? I’m going to try these over the weekend.

        • Michelle Blackwood, RN
          July 11, 2020

          Hello Jamila, I know psyllium would be a great binder but exactly how much to use, I’m not sure. I would have to experiment to see the exact amount. The last time I used it in a recipe, I just didn’t like the feel in my mouth, that’s the reason why I don’t use it that much in my recipes. I will have to go through many failed attempts to get it right.

  18. Jamie
    May 6, 2020

    I make these ALL the time!!!!! Thank you!!!!!

  19. Cathy
    April 30, 2020

    Just popped these in the oven. My kitchen smells amazing. Your measurments were spot on. Thanks Michelle. Looking forward to tasting these.

  20. irisel
    April 25, 2020

    Hello! I don’t have potato starch, but do have tapioca, corn and arrowroot starch. Do you think I can sub the potato starch with any of those options?

  21. Trish
    April 20, 2020

    These have got to be the BEST vegan GF anything, I have ever made.